In 1996 SAP’s industry solutions started to appear. As a base for many of them, SAP used solutions from R/2 or R/3, which had been previously developed by partners or customers in different business areas, like RIVA in the utilities sector for customer billing. The development of these industry solutions was first coordinated through the industry centers of expertise (ICOEs), where SAP’s experience in the development of standard software is joined by the business knowledge and requirements of its customers, as well as the experience of big consulting firms for the inclusion of best business practices for each industry sector.
The initial step in developing industry solutions has been steadily consolidated and required SAP to specialize its teams into different industries, called industry business units (IBUs), which included and supplanted the previous ICOEs. These business units are responsible for gathering the market and industry knowledge and developing specific solutions and applications for each of the industry sectors in which SAP is committed to provide.
There are 24 different industry solutions developed by SAP available today. The list is as follows….
- Aerospace & Defense
- Consumer Products
- Defense & Security
- Engineering, Construction, and Operations
- Higher Education & Research
- High Tech
- Industrial Machinery and Components
- Life Sciences
- Mill Products
- Oil and Gas
- Professional Services
- Public Sector
- Transportation & Logistics
- Wholesale Distribution
Most updated list of SAP specific industry solutions. can be find from the following location
From a technical point of view, the SAP Industry Solutions were a SAP R/3 system with a special and industry-specific add-on that modified some of the standard R/3 transactions and applications to adapt them to that particular industry and that included new functionality relevant to that industry sector.